R&P Entries

Articles in Journals

Samlafo, B.V and Ofoe, E.O (2017). Water quality Assessment of River Bonsa in Tarkwa, a Mining-impacted Area of Ghana. Chemical Science International Journal, 20, (4), 1-8. DOI: 10.9734/csji/2017/37251. http://www.sciencedomain.org/. ISSN: 2456-706X

Abstract
The suitability of River Bonsa for drinking, without any chemical treatment was assessed using a developed and robust water quality index (WQI), with modification for the river under study. In evaluating WQI, nine parameters in water quality, which were harmful to human health were considered. They were pH, dissolved oxygen, total suspended solids, total dissolved solids, total hardness, total alkalinity, chlorides, sulphates and nitrates. On the basis of the computed WQI (55.054), River Bonsa fell within the poor for drinking water category. Hence the water needs to be treated before it can be drunk directly. Intensive education on water-related diseases is also needed to inform the inhabitants living along the river bank, who use the water from the river directly without any chemical treatment. Keywords: River Bonsai; illegal mining; water quality index; Tarkwa; heavy metals

 

Faculty of Science EducationNov 08, 20172018/2019

Samlafo, B.V (2017). Comparative Analysis of Leachable Heavy Metals in Earthenware Clay Deposits in the Central and Volta Regions of Ghana. American Journal of Chemistry, 7, (4), 145-151. DOI: 10.5923/j.chemistry.20170704.03. http://journal.sapub.org/chemistry. ISSN: 2165-8781

Abstract
Abstract This paper, sought to compare and contrast the potential leachable heavy metals in earthenware clay deposits in the Central and Volta regions of Ghana, using the Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (AAS). The study also tried to establish the suitability of which clay deposit is the ideal raw material for earthenware products used as food wares, based on toxic heavy metal and micronutrient/essential metal levels. The toxic metals determined were Pb, As, Hg, and Cd, while the micronutrients/essential elements examined were Cr, Zn, Mn, Cu, and Fe. The results showed that, apart from Hg and Cr, there was no statistical difference in heavy metal levels in the two regions. Earthenware clay deposits in the two regions were found to be suitable raw materials for food ware products based on their heavy metal levels. The reproducibility of the analytical method was assessed by analysis of the standard reference material IAEA soil-7. The values obtained, compared favourably well with the recommended values as Spearman correlation coefficient was +0.96%. The experimental values were within ± 4% of the recommended values. The measurement precision specified by the relative standard deviation was within ± 5%. The error margins are standard deviations. A two-tailed student’s t-test was used to establish any statistical differences between the mean concentrations of the two earthenware clay deposits. The level of probability at which significant differences existed between the deposits was set at p< 0.05 at 95% confidence level. In general, the two clay deposits were found to be suitable sources of raw materials for food ware products. Keywords Heavy metals, Essential elements, Clay, Earthenware, Central region, Volta region

 

Faculty of Science EducationNov 04, 20172018/2019

Yorke, J. O., deGraft-Yankson, P., Essuman, J. & Amissah, E. K. (2017). Ghana’s Presidential Seats and Sword of State: Aesthetic Manifestation of Kwame Nkrumah’s Cultural Policy on Ghana’s Political Culture. Journal of Literature and Art Studies, 7, (12), 1604-1624. DOI: 10.17265/2159-5836. http://www.davidpublisher.com. ISSN: 2159-5844

Abstract
This study explores the aesthetic dimensions of Kwame Nkrumah’s cultural policies in the creation of Ghana’s Presidential Seats and the State Sword. The study is an Art Historical research situated within the qualitative research paradigm. It had a population of a defined class of cultural policy makers, art historians, traditional rulers, nationalists, visual artists and Ghanaians resident both in and outside Ghana. The study examined how the creation of Ghana’s Presidential Seats and the State Sword were influenced by Kwame Nkrumah’s cultural policies and the cultural significance of the aesthetic interplay of ethnic insignias used in capturing the Ghanaian concept of Political authority. The study revealed that, Nkrumah recognised the cultural art forms and elements of ethnic Ghana as assets for national development. In line with his policy of building the Nation State of Ghana, he used ethnic cultural art forms and elements. At independence, Nkrumah commissioned some visual artist to create some artistic pieces (politico-cultural artefacts) for the Ghanaian political authority with inspiration or based on what pertains in the traditional authority (Chieftaincy) of Ghana. Politico-cultural artefacts as used in this study refer to the artefacts produced based on the cultural concepts of the ethnic states for the use of the political authority of the Republic of Ghana. Among these artistic pieces are the three Presidential Seats, The State Sword, The President’s Personal Standard Pole and the State Mace. Keywords: Adinkra, Presidential Seats, State Sword, politico-cultural artefacts, Kwame Nkrumah’s cultural policies

 

School of Creative ArtsNov 01, 20172018/2019

Kemevor, A. K. & Essuman, J. (2017). The Institutionalization of Photographic Industry and the Society. The Journal of Social Sciences Research, 3, (2), 13-19. URL: http://arpgweb.com/?ic=journal&amp;journal=7&amp;info=aims . ISSN: ISSN(e): 2411-9458

Abstract
The purpose of this article is to highlight on photography as an excellent art work. This article on photography is based on the authenticity and social influence of the photographer. In discussing the paper, some attempts have been made to examine the nature and dynamics of photography, as well as the appreciation of photographs as a human achievement. There is also a general overview on photography in Ghana, outlining in particular the visual aesthetics of the photographic industry, and the specialized fields that exist. The paper concludes that the use of technological photography in teaching at all levels should be encouraged. It is when we add our personal vision to the technology of photography then we cross that line from mere reproduction to transformation. With this shift from science to art, we begin speaking with a vocabulary of aesthetics. Keywords: Photography; Camera; Visual elements; Creativity; Communication.

 

School of Creative ArtsNov 01, 20172018/2019

Essuman, J. (2017). Photographic Representation of Socio-economic Development on Rural Communities in Ghana. Journal of Literature and Art Studies, 7, (3), 300-312. DOI: 10.17265/2159-5836. http://www.davidpublisher.com. ISSN: 2159-5844(online)

Abstract
It has come to notice that developments that take place in rural communities bring about a lot of challenges both positive and negative. However, people who try to manage these challenges use “text type” in books and through other communication media (publications), but the effect has scarcely been effective because, most of the people living in rural communities are illiterates. The purpose of this study was to use pictorial illustrations to create awareness on how socioeconomic development affects rural communities (Cape Three Points) and the extent to which its effect can be seen on human life within the local communities (fishermen, farmers, and fish mongers) in terms of their livelihood, attitudes, education and on the general environment. Interviews were mainly used to ascertain facts on how the situation was before the new developments started. Workshops were also organized for focus groups, through which the effect of pictorial illustrations on the people were ascertained. Again, how they should prepare for the foreseen changes that will emanate from any form of rural development was also discussed. At the end of the study, it came to light that many of our rural areas face significant challenges. These challenges as a matter of fact affect their cultural practices and the socio-economic development of the people in such rural communities and the country as a whole. It is believed that these challenges and many other related concerns that have emanated from this study would be critically recognized and managed if not solved by the powers that be. Results from this study will form a basis for further discussion of socio-economic effects of rural development on rural communities and any other related effects caused by any physical change on rural environment. Keywords: development, rural community, socio-economic, illustration

 

School of Creative ArtsNov 01, 20172018/2019

Sam, E. F. and Abane, A. M. (2017). Enhancing passenger safety and security in Ghana: Appraising public transport operators' recent interventions. Management Research and Practice, 9, (3), 62-75. http://mrp.ase.ro/no93/f5.pdf. ISSN: 2067 – 2462

Abstract
There are increasing calls for regular monitoring and evaluation of safety and security strategies of public transport (PT) operators, especially in developing countries where PT safety and security concerns abound. In respect of this, this study examined the passenger safety and security interventions of PT operators in Ghana. Both the accident-incident theory and routine activities theory served as the theoretical framework within which the study was rooted. Guided by the convergent parallel mixed methods design, data were drawn from in-depth interviews with six major intercity PT operators as well as questionnaires administered to 273 intercity PT passengers. Field data were analysed using both thematic (qualitative data) and correlational (quantitative data) analyses in line with the study design. Varied perspectives on the state of PT passenger safety and security in the country were expressed, and operators’ current interventions in this regard were appraised. The study emphasised the need for periodic review of the regulatory framework establishing public transport undertaking by the Metropolitan, Municipal and District Assemblies (MMDAs) to reflect changing safety and security circumstances.

 

Yorke, J. O., deGraft-Yankson, P., Essuman, J. & Amissah, E. R. K (2017). Ghana’s Presidential Seats and Sword of State: Aesthetic Manifestation of Kwame Nkrumah’s Cultural Policy on Ghana’s Political Culture. Journal of Literature and Art Studies, 7, (12), 1604 - 1624. DOI: 10.17265/2159-5836. http://www.davidpublisher.com/Home/Journal/JLAS. ISSN: 2159-5836

Abstract
This study explores the aesthetic dimensions of Kwame Nkrumah’s cultural policies in the creation of Ghana’s Presidential Seats and the State Sword. The study is an Art Historical research situated within the qualitative research paradigm. It had a population of a defined class of cultural policy makers, art historians, traditional rulers, nationalists, visual artists and Ghanaians resident both in and outside Ghana. The study examined how the creation of Ghana’s Presidential Seats and the State Sword were influenced by Kwame Nkrumah’s cultural policies and the cultural significance of the aesthetic interplay of ethnic insignias used in capturing the Ghanaian concept of Political authority. The study revealed that, Nkrumah recognised the cultural art forms and elements of ethnic Ghana as assets for national development. In line with his policy of building the Nation State of Ghana, he used ethnic cultural art forms and elements. At independence, Nkrumah commissioned some visual artist to create some artistic pieces (politico-cultural artefacts) for the Ghanaian political authority with inspiration or based on what pertains in the traditional authority (Chieftaincy) of Ghana. Politico-cultural artefacts as used in this study refer to the artefacts produced based on the cultural concepts of the ethnic states for the use of the political authority of the Republic of Ghana. Among these artistic pieces are the three Presidential Seats, The State Sword, The President’s Personal Standard Pole and the State Mace. KEYWORDS Adinkra, Presidential Seats, State Sword, politico-cultural artefacts, Kwame Nkrumah’s cultural policies

 

School of Creative ArtsOct 31, 20172018/2019

Yorke, J. O., Amissah, E. R. K., deGraft-Yankson, P & Essuman, J. (2017). An Overview of Kwame Nkrumah’s Cultural Policies on Ghana’s Visual Culture. Research Journal of Humanities and Cultural Studies, 3, (5), 22-33. http://www.iiardpub.org . ISSN: ISSN 2579-0528

Abstract
This paper attempts to inquire about Kwame Nkrumah’s cultural policies and philosophies on the visual culture of present-day Ghana. The study hinged on the Art Historical research procedures within the qualitative research paradigm and gathered data through interviews, field notes, observation and discussions. The study examined Kwame Nkrumah’s cultural policies and philosophies based on his policy actions and pronouncements and their influence on the visual culture as well as their relevance to the policies. The study revealed that, Nkrumah did not make a distinction between politics, culture and economics. He had a dialectic approach to all his policies because he acknowledged the interconnected nature of the social life of the Ghanaian. Based on this, he propagated that Ghanaians should recognise their cultural heritage and take pride in projecting it; that Ghanaians needed to create their nation state based on their culture heritage and that Ghanaians should recognise their cultural heritage as assets for national development. Keywords: visual culture, Kwame Nkrumah’s cultural policies, pronouncements.

 

School of Creative ArtsOct 03, 20172017/2018

Annobil, C. N. & Mummuni, T. (2017). A comparison of Western and Ghanaian Early Childhood Curricula: Montley of Complexities. Journal of Innovation in Education in Africa (JIEA), 1, (2), 80-91.

Abstract
The early childhood curriculum in Ghana is developed along the lines of developmentally appropriate practices (DAP) which is, the western world conception of how young children construct knowledge as they interact with elements in their world. The main purpose of this paper was to examine the complexities of the early childhood curriculum in Ghana in terms of the theoretical basis of the curriculum as well as the relationship between major western ideas (theories) and their influences on early childhood curriculum and teacher practices in Ghana. The study sought to examine the implications of the three theories of learning in terms of teaching and learning and practices in nursery and kindergarten classrooms. The convergences and divergences between the western notions of what is appropriate for young children to learn and that of the Ghanaian socio-cultural context were also examined. Five (5) research questions were formulated to guide the study. The paper further discussed the intricacies that are inherent in the lived –world and the text-world aspects of the early childhood curriculum. It was recommended among other things that preschool children should be provided with appropriate learning experiences to enable them harness their potentials; they should be given quality care and the desired social protection; and finally early childhood educators should have a firm grasp of the content of the early childhood curriculum in order that they can produce rich learning experiences for young children.

 

Faculty of Educational StudiesAug 24, 20172016/2017

Annobil, C. N. & Mummuni, T. (2016). A Critical Analysis of the Cognitive constructivists and socio-cultural theories as a frame for Kindergarten Education.. Afican Jounal of Interdisciplinary Studies., 9, 85-93..

Abstract
The concern for how young children learn has been an issue that has agitated the minds of theorists and researchers for a very long time. However, currently early childhood educators are becoming increasingly aware of the impact of the cognitive constructivist and the sociocultural theories and their implications for teaching and learning in kindergarten classrooms. The study was based on the premised on that the teaching and learning in kindergarten classrooms is anchored on the notion that young children actively create their own knowledge by relying on what they already know to construct knowledge within the context of the physical and the social world. The purpose of the study was to examine the impact of Piaget’s cognitive constructivist and Vygotsky’s sociocultural theories of learning on teacher practices in kindergarten classrooms. Three (3) research questions were formulated to guide the study. The study sought to examine the implications of the two theories of learning in terms of teaching and learning and assessment practices in early kindergarten classrooms. In addition, the study revealed contrarieties and connections which are inherent in both theories in terms of how children learn. It was recommended to teachers to augment children’s effort by engaging them in various learning activities which would eventually help the children to develop the capacity of looking at issues from various angles and engendering critical mindedness. Finally, it was recommended to educational administrators to be conversant with the kindergarten curriculum and see to it that relevant teaching and learning materials are provided to enhance effective teaching and learning in kindergarten classrooms have been highlighted.

 

Faculty of Educational StudiesAug 24, 20172016/2017

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